What is Cornea?

The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye . The cornea, accounts to approximately two-thirds of the eye’s total optical power. In humans, the refractive power of the cornea is approximately 43 dioptres. Any injury or infection of the cornea can lead to damage leading to loss of corneal transparency and thereby disrupting the normal vision.

What all conditions occur in cornea?

Diseases affecting the cornea are a major cause of blindness all over the world. This is called Corneal Blindness. A range of infectious and inflammatory eye conditions ultimately affect the transparency of the cornea leading to corneal blindness. The significant conditions seen in this clinic are corneal ulcers, keratitis, corneal dystrophies, opacities, PK cornea graft rejection etc.

When to consult an ophthalmologist?

Consult a doctor as soon as symptoms are hyped.

Symptoms like

  • Excessive watering
  • Primary angle closure glaucoma
  • Foreign body sensation
  • White opacified spot/s seen
  • Severe pain

Treatment & Management

Medication for dry eye, infections and corneal abrasions are provided. For detection and treatment of disorders of the cornea, including Corneal Transplant surgery, Auto-grafting for Pterygium, Limbal Grafts and Amniotic Membrane Transplant for advanced corneal disorders and Corneal Collagen Cross-linking with Riboflavin (C3R) for Keratoconus are done.

Surgeries available-

  • Penetrating keratoplasty (PK)
  • Pterygium surgeries
  • Corneal collagen cross-linking for K.conus patients
  • Scrapping and Foreign Body removal
  • DSEK(Descemet’s stripping endoKeratplasty)
  • Amniotic membrane grafting (AMG) and limbal stem cell transplantation (LSCT)
  • Keratoprosthesis
  • Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK)
  • Penetrating keratoplasty (PKP)
  • Corneal Gluing